About 3.2 billion people – almost half of the world’s population – are at risk of malaria. In 2013, there were about 198 million malaria cases (with an uncertainty range of 124 million to 283 million) and an estimated 584 000 malaria deaths (with an uncertainty range of 367 000 to 755 000).
Increased prevention and control measures have led to a reduction in malaria mortality rates by 47% globally since 2000 and by 54% in the WHO African Region.
People living in the poorest countries are the most vulnerable to malaria. In 2013, 90% of all malaria deaths occurred in the WHO African Region, mostly among children under 5 years of age.
- Malaria is a serious, sometimes fatal disease that is spread by mosquitoes who have been infected by a parasite. The disease is spread when mosquitoes feed on humans.
- Malaria breeds mostly in warmer climates, where there is an abundance of humidity and rain.
- Malaria exists in 103 countries worldwide, affecting 3.3. billion people, but about 90% of malaria-related deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa. The majority of those affected are children under the age of five. You can raise money for life-saving mosquito nets in Africa by hosting a basketball tournament. Sign up for Nets for Nets.
- Based on recent data, 59 of those 103 countries are currently meeting standards needed to reverse the incidence of Malaria.
- In the US, about 1,500 cases of Malaria are found every year.
- Common side effects of malaria are high fever, chills, headache, and other flu-like symptoms. Severe illness and death can normally be avoided if the disease is properly treated.
- An infected person may start feeling symptoms anywhere from a week to a month after they are bitten. With some rarer forms of Malaria, the parasite remains dormant and an infected person will not become ill for up to 4 years.
- In 2012, 207 million clinical cases of malaria were recorded worldwide. 627,000 cases were fatal.
- Pregnant women are extremely vulnerable to malaria. If the disease is contracted during pregnancy, it can be passed to the infant or result in low birth weight, which decreases the baby’s chance of survival.
- Travelers coming from areas without malaria often have no immunity and are very vulnerable to the illness. Prevention is possible if you visit your primary care physician.
- Malaria is not a contagious disease. It cannot be contracted through contact with an infected person, sexually or otherwise.